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Journal 1

Date: September 17 to September 24, 2005

[Number of Members]: 10 people
        1.Truku Little Warriors: Feng-mei, Tsai-hsia, Li-chun, Wei-chie, Shih-chiang, Hou-wei, and Si-hua
        2. Instructors: Mr. Lu Kuo-liang, Mr. Yu Wen-kuang, and Ms. Fan Su-mei
[Time]: 8:00am to 2:00pm, September 17, 2005
[Place]: Computer Room, Hong Ye Elementary School
[Presenters]: Feng-mei and Su-hua

We had been expecting the coming of today. Finally, we can meet the big brothers and big sisters from National Hua-lien University of Education. Today, 12 big brothers and big sisters came to see us. The teachers let us wait for them in the computer room. Then, they drove to the train station to pick them up and bring them back to school. It was the first time we saw them. We were both excited and nervous. We gave them a “big welcome” at the playground! It was an activity for us to get to know each other. The big sisters led us in funny dances. Then, the big brothers taught us to play some interesting games. We played happily.
Then, we went into the computer room. First, the big brothers and big sisters taught us how to register for an account at Kimo. After we all got our email, we registered at the Taiwan School Net. After we got our account, we could register at the Cyberfair! Although we were not familiar with using the computer, with the help of big brothers and big sisters, we finished registering. At last, we finished signing up for Cyberfair. We felt really great!

After lunch, we returned to the computer room. We exchanged our contact phone numbers and the accounts of Yahoo ICQ so that we could discuss our topic on the internet the next time. After saying farewell to them, we felt that we had learned so many things today. We really hope the next meeting will come quicker!TOP

PS: We would like to thank the help of The Hope Agent Development Association of Republic of China and the Persian Recreation Group.


Journal 2

Date: September 20, 2005.

Search for information in the internet

In today’s computer class, the teachers introduced our future research topic. The teacher told us to take our community and our tribe as topic. Our topic was to study Truku culture, our culture, because we were not familiar with our own culture. Although we were going to enter the competition with this competition, the teacher told that our major goal was to understand our own culture. The result of the competition came second. He also told us not to put too much pressure on ourselves. But we still had to finish it as best we could!
After deciding our topic, we began to separate ourselves into different groups. Then, we began to search for information in the internet, including face tattoo (famous Truku art), legends, hunting, weaving etc! Wow! We found many things on the internet. We have a lot of information to sort out! Cheerio!

Journal 3

Date: September 24, 2005

Truku Culture Ritual at Shiu Lin Township

Shiu Lin Township 2004 New Year’s Gala and Truku Culture Ritul – Hunter’s Soul at the holy mountain and Spirit’s Bridge
Today we came to Shiu Lin Township at the north of Hualien City to join the Truku annual event: Truku Culture Season.
When we arrived at the site, other than tasty Truku food, there were exciting song and dance shows and a beautiful handicraft display. It’s terrific!
The year’s cultural topic included “Hakaw utux” (Rainbow; ancestors’ spirits bridge). It was the Truku peoples’ spiritual totem. Our value of life lied on muda hakaw utux (walk over rainbow bridge). Walking over rainbow bridge was the highest level of self-achievement. If the person’s spirit walked over rainbow bridge, she could reach the world of eternal happiness. In the past, the tribe’s people regarded rainbow bridge as “ancestors’ spirits”; it was the bridge for the spirits to go to the world of eternal bliss after death. (If the rainbow appears in the sky, we should not point our finger towards it because it is regarded as disrespectful to our ancestors. And our ancestors will break our finger as punishment.)
Before the deceased’s spirit goes across the bridge, there is a crab responsible for checking the walker’s palm. If there is still blood on his or her palm, it means that he or she obeyed gaya when they were alive. Then, they will go across the bridge of the ancestors’ spirits and to the “home of the ancestors’ house.” Our predecessors grow sweet potatoes here for their descendants as food. Therefore, people call “death” “wada plealay mhuma bunga da” (grow the sweet potato first). If a person was loyal to gaya when he or she is alive, his or her spirit belongs to malu utux (good spirits); then, he or she will go across the rainbow bridge to the world of eternal bliss.
Truku is a patriarchic society. Men are responsible for protecting their families, wives, children, and their living space. Those who intrude into their living space are all regarded as offenders. They will become the targets of “coming out of grass” (head hunting) by the men in our tribe. For the brave warriors that hunt the intruders to protect the safety of their families, they will “go across the rainbow bridge” in the future. It is believed that the spirits of the hunted people will be converted and guard over the family’s safety as well as add to the hunters’ spiritual powers.


Journal 4

Date: Nov. 10, 2005

Dance Contest

After practicing for more than a month, we went to the contest today. The contest would be held at the activities center of Yuli Elementary School. We were very excited and nervous too. We would be No. 16 in the contest. We saw the performances of the teams by other schools; they were brilliant. They even made their props and scenery. They were really something!
However, we performed with all our efforts too. Although Truku dance is not as nice as Tayal’s, our dance has our special features too! I am happy to participate in the contest today. We not only learned Truku dance, but also the special features of the dances of other tribes from appreciating their show. I am really happy today!


Journal 5

Date: October 3, 2005

Production of Truku’s mythology comics

First, we sorted out the stories we found. There were more than 10 stories. And the teachers told us to choose 7 as the topic. Our class was separate into 7 groups. Each group was responsible for drawing a graphic story. Our group had chosen the story of rainbow bridge. As we spent a long time thinking, we drew few comics only after a long while. Fortunately, the teacher told us to draw the main point first. At last, we had finished an exciting story about rainbow bridge in comics.
Once upon a time, the ancestors of seeiq Truku always told their children, “If a person dies, her spirit will go over rainbow bridge and wash her hands there. For the men that have hunted peoples’ heads and women know how to weave, when they wash their hands, their hands will bleed by giving out a sound ‘lazi. Likewise, these people can walk over rainbow bridge and enjoy merry afterlife there. However, for the men that did not hunt any heads and women that didn’t know how to weave in their lives, they cannot walk over rainbow bridge. When they wade across the river, they will be eaten by the crabs on the river bed.”
  Therefore, in order to walk over the rainbow bridge, men have to hunt people’s heads and women must learn how to weave. The ancestors also said, “Don’t point at the rainbow with your fingers, otherwise, your fingers will shrink.”TOP

Journal 6

Date: October 7, 2005

Story Telling Contest of Truku Mythology

As we finished drawing the comics for the mythology, the teacher told us to tell the story in full in the way of storytelling. Therefore, we sponsored a storytelling contest. Each group would place the comics they have drawn on the stage. And the storyteller of each group would tell the story to the class.
Before the contest toady, we saw many big brothers and sisters come to see us in class. To our amazement, they came from Taipei. They were the students of Taipei University of Education. Of course, they were future teachers. We began to feel nervous because suddenly there were so many people in the classroom. We felt a bit uneasy!
Our group told a legend about a giant. Long, long time ago, there came a giant, called as Mawi. The legend said he could walk from a mountain to another mountain with a step only. As he stamped his foot, he made “Bole Bay” and “Silaon” platform. It was said that those plains in Huatung Gorge were made by him when the stepped here and there.
  With a tall and powerful man lived near us, he must be a good helping hand to us. In fact, the giant did not use his merits well. On the contrary, he abused his ability and brought many troubles to the tribe’s people.
  How did he do it? The giant used his quick and wide steps to rob people’s game they hunted with much effort. When he saw the tribe’s people chasing the game, he just put his head on the shortcut and opened his mouth wide, waiting for the rushing animals to run into his mouth. Therefore, he didn’t have to do anything to fill his belly. However, the people that lived near him was hungry because they couldn’t get any food. And the people could not tolerate his behavior any longer.
  At last, the tribe’s people decided to team up and fight against him. Although all of them were afraid of the giant’s power, they thought they could find a way to beat the giant. After discussing for sometime, the people thought of a adventurous plan; they began to put that plan into operation enthusiastically.
  On a fine day that was suitable for hunting, the warriors of the tribe gathered on the top of the mountain, pretending to go hunting. In the beginning, the giant expected a rich meal. Likewise, he hid behind a mountain, waiting for the animals to come by.
  At that time, they set a fire and burnt a round crystal that they prepared earlier with the fire. The huge red crystal was so hot that it turned red. The time had come. Then, they push the crystal down the mountain. The warrior pushed the crystal down and cried out, “Go down! Gown down! Chase it fast!” They pretended they were really chasing after some game.
  Hearing the warriors’ cry and the sound of the crystal rolling down the mountain, the giant stretched out his hand. He opened his mouth widely and placed his tongue on the turn of the path. Unexpectedly, a very hot thing rolled into his throat in a sudden. It was so painful that he rolled on the ground. At last, he rolled off the sea outside Hua-tong, with his feet jutting out of the sea. According to the legend the feet are the Lanyu and Orchid Island now. This giant’s life ended like this.
  When the story comes to its end, do you pity the giant? Each person has her merit or demerit, don’t do anything like this giant Mawi. His merits eventually became his demerits.TOP


Journal 7

Date: October 12, 2005

: Traditional Truku Weaving Practice
Every Wednesday afternoon, we would participate in the training of traditional weaving practice. There is a very experienced teacher teaching us how to weave cloth. Look! We are weaving seriously. In a short time, we will weave some pretty cloth!
“Traditional weaving” (demenun·Kabaon) is the essential skill for Truku women before marriage in the Truku tradition. The major material for weaving is “ramie.” And the process of preparing it is very complicated, including: 1. pulling the threads from ramie; 2. combing the threads and spinning them into yarn; 3. joining the yarn and rolling it into balls; 4. connecting the balls together and weaving the lump; 5. cooking them with ash and letting it dry under the sun and rain; 6. combing the lumps and weaving the belts; 7. putting the belts around to weave the cloth.
In traditional Truku thought, a woman’s skills in weaving can judge whether she is ready to get married or not. In addition, the women’s skills in weaving will decide whether they are allowed to have face painting or not.


Journal 8

Date: October 22, 2005

Culture Ritual at Silin Truku

Today, we attended the Culture Ritual at Silin Elementary School happily. Our class represented Hong Ye Elementary School to perform a traditional Truku dance. Although we made some mistakes in the middle, we finished the dance fortunately. As they did not know any dance, they performed traditional xylophone and bamboo reed pipe. They were really something, and we had so many things to learn from them.
In addition, there were many interesting activities as well, for example the adults running with sand bags on their back, arching, catching pig contest, etc. All of them were really interesting. Today, I saw so many traditional Truku activities and felt substantial and happy in my heart. I hope I can join this Ritual next time.


Journal 9

Date: November 12, 2005

Interviewing the Tribe (Wu-chiu Workshop)
Before we set off, the teachers reminded us to interview in the way we had trained before. We must be polite.
Today, our topic was to interview Uncle Lin Chung-shi in the tribe. He was an expert in making wooden mortar, wooden pestle, and bows and arrows. As we arrived at his house, we found that his house is really big. Also, there were many weird tools lying around. We gathered around him curiously, and asked him different questions. But he did not feel annoyed. On the contrary, he explained everything to us. Actually, Mr. Chen-Lin was the ex-Chair of the Wan-rong Township Council. He feels deeply towards the hunters that make their living hunting; theysustain their lives with dignity, and respect nature although they take from nature. Therefore, he feels he has the mission to the pestle, mortar, and arrows our ancestors used. He has been studying these tools enthusiastically for a long time. With the traditional method, he can make better and finer tools.
After listening to his words, we were touched by Uncle Chen-Lin. We tried to feel the sensation of making arrows and other tools too. Also, the uncle even taught us how to pull the bow and shoot the arrow. When the arrow hit the target, we felt really exciting!


Journal 10

Date: November 13, 2005

Interviewing the Tribe (SA-ZI Weaving Workshop)
In the aboriginal society in Taiwan, Truku people are really proud of their weaving. Aunt Sa-Zi learned how to weave form her mother since she was a child. Also, she takes weaving as part of her living. Now, she loves the next generation to inherit her skills to let traditional Truku weaving continue and develop further.
I and our classmates learned to use many tools of traditional weaving. Also, we learned how to weave pretty cloths as well. We could hardly imagine she was able to weave complicated patterns and textures with these simple tools. Aunt Sa-Zi also told us the meaning of each pattern and the story behind it. Today was a fruitful day for us.

Journal 11

Date: November 26, 2005

Interviewing the Tribe (Shan-ren Woodcarving Workshop)
After the briefing for the activity, we went to a woodcarving workshop in the tribe. As we listened to the teachers’ explanation, we walked to the woodcarving workshop.
The workshop was called “San-ren Woodcarving Workshop.” When we saw the owner, he told us just to call him uncle Chien. We saw many interesting and pretty woodcarvings there. We were very curious. “Why does he call this workshop “Shan-ren Woodcarving Workshop”? Uncle Chien replied, “When the workshop was established, it was found by three people: him (Bunun Tribe), Mr. Wang (Amais Tribe), and Mr. Chu (Truku Tribe). Then, they called it“San-ren Woodcarving Workshop.” We all feel very interested when we hear it.
Later, Uncle Chien introduced some of his woodcarvings. Some of them were award winning works. Some of them were not. But we felt these traditional handicrafts were very special on their own. Also, they want to integrate the tradition of Truku into woodcarving. As we appreciated the works, we kept pressing the shutter. Today, we saw something really special.

Journal 12

Date: December 4, 2005

: Visiting the natural landscape in Houng Ye Tribe

Today was a fine and sunny day. After the teachers explained the purpose of today’s visit and the way of interview in the interview, we got into Mr. Lu and Mr. Yu’s cars and set out for the scenic spots in each tribe, and planned to visit the special architecture and organizations there.
First, we arrived at the tribe. At the entrance, we saw a beautiful “The Eye of Ancestors’ Spirits.” It was a huge rhombic structure built with colorful flaxen strings and a wooden frame. It was nice to represent the logo for the entrance. No matter what we do, the ancestors will always guard over us and protect us.
Then, we came to the only clinic in the tribe (Habishin Clinic), and paid a visit there. Dr. Fan was a Taoke native too. He was kind and enthusiastic. He was willing to abandon the opportunity to operate a clinic in the city and returned to this remote country to serve his tribe’s people. Also, his clinic looked like an art museum!
Other than the great landscape and gorgeous rivers, we have some amazing scenery too. Under the ground here, there are rich resources of hot springs. More surprising, there are two different kinds of hot spring water here. The water of the hot springs near the mountain is calcium carbonate in nature. Meanwhile, the water on the other side has ferric sulphate. In the tribe, there is Hong Ye Hot Spring, and Ruei-suei Hot Spring is located outside the tribe. Both of them have long histories, with high acclaim. Just wait, we are going in to enjoy a spa!


Journal 13

Date: December 11, 2005

Participate in aboriginals handicraft seminar
Early this morning, we promised to meet the teachers at the Community Development Association because its director Mr. Lin Huai-rong was going to give a seminar on aboriginal handicraft. As soon as he arrived, he asked us how well we knew Truku culture. Our answer was not quite satisfactory because we only knew a little. Sometimes, our answers were bizarre.
When we first started, Mr. Lin told us the migration history in early times. Then, he continued with the tribe’s future goals. Many of our parents and relatives were working outside. Only the women and elders remained here. But our tribe was discovered to have rich hot lode. We could blend the natural resources with our traditional culture to create business opportunities. After hearing his explanation, I began to understand. Next time when there is any aboriginal handicraft class, I will sign up to learn the important skills to make fine aboriginal crafts. Then, we all can help preserve Truku culture.

Journal 14

Date: December 17, 2005

Information Skills Seminar
Early this morning, we went to Hualien to join the competition. In the afternoon, we returned and took a rest. Although we felt a little bit tired, we became energetic again soon after we heard that we were going to have computer class tonight.
At 7:00pm in the evening, we met at the Community Development Association. Chien, the big brother, told us the news about the information activities. He also taught us how to use the information equipment at the association, for example the digital camera, recording pen, DV, and computers. We found this equipment was really amazing. We could handle many troublesome tasks with this equipment easily. We all felt how convenient this equipment was.
Then, Chien taught us the skills needed to weave a simple webpage. He taught use to weave a webpage with FrontPage. Because in ordinary times, we just used Word 2002 to do some word processing. The interfaces of this software were similar to that of Word’s, so we felt we could understand it easier. Although it looked simple, it was quite difficult when we actually used it. I thought: never mind. We would keep trying. Go, go, go!

Journal 15

Date: December 18, 2005

A tour to the mountains in the tribe
Today, we followed the guys and hunters in the community to climb the mountains in the tribe. We spent about two hours taking the mountain tram. The temperature in the mountain obviously dropped. Along the way, we saw many flowers, grass, and trees. We could not see this scenery on land, such as tall Chinese fir and camphor trees. We also had a birds-eye-view of the whole Hong Ye Tribe. It was really beautiful!
Along the way, the hunters taught us the see the animals’ footprints, such as boar’s, Formosan barking deer’s, and deer’s footprints. Along the way, we heard the bamboo partridge’s songs, and we saw some masked palm civets feeding themselves in the bushes. We were so excited!
Later, we went up to a mountain top. To our surprise, it was a lake. In this lake, there were some special plants that were very rare in Taiwan. They were standing upright in the lake. The teacher told us that it was brought by the birds’ droppings. Today, we have a lot of discoveries. We see something that we can hardly see in ordinary times. To our surprise, there are so many beautiful things in our tribe!

Journal 16

Date: December 23, 2005

Visiting the elders in the tribe (Mr. Huang Te-cheng, the School Head)
Today we paid at visit to the school head’s home. Our school head was the elder we visited. His age was old enough to be our grandfather. He knew pretty much about the origins of the Truku tribe and its history of migration.
In the past, Hong Ye was the habitat of Amais. They scattered around the slope. As there were many “bobcats,” they called it “Kao Yau.” Due to typhoons and floods, the Amais natives lost much of their land. Also, because of the Bunun Tribe’s invasion, they moved to the west of the mountain ridge (He Gang now) and settled there. After the Bunun tribe moved here, they lived on both sides of the Hong Ye river. They had a very small population only. Since 1933, Tayal came here and called it “Y-hunang.” As the land was long and shady, they translated it as “Hong Ye” (red leaves). But the people of their tribe still called it “Y-hunang.”
Hong Ye Village belongs to the Torako system of Sedek Clan. When they first moved here, they lived on the left bank of Hong Ye River, at the west of Ruei Suei Hot Spring and the southern slope of Hutau Mountain. A small portion of them lived on Dichishanchi Slope. As Hong Ye was located at the opposite side, they called it “Sibao.” Then, the Mawanhou Clan of the Bunun Tribe settled down at the eastern corner of Hong Ye Tribe.
During the Japanese occupation, Hong Ye Village was divided into two clans. Their members were as follows:
Hong Ye cluster: It was made up of Sibao, Leshao, I-po, Waheier, and Silaq clan, including a small number of people from Kelan Clan.

Sibao Clan: It was located on the table land to the east of Sibao Elementary School. In 1928, the Japanese police combined the neighboring clans Geiyake and Babaka together. The next year, they compelled the aborigines of the clan to move downhill. A part of it settled at Hong Ye, under the lead of Chief Talantaimo. The other part of it moved to Balanau (Chung-kuang now). After the Restitution, at the end of 1945, they formed a cluster themselves. As they were the descendants of the Selek Clan, they called themselves Selek.TOP


Journal 17

Date: December 27, 2005

Training in webpage weaving
The third period was information class. The teacher began to teach us simple wepage weaving. The teacher said, “If you want to complete a good job, you have to prepare fine tools.” If we wanted to write a pretty website, we had to prepare good tools and substantial contents. At last, we should edit the web pages a little bit to make them look better. Then, a great website was done!
The teacher told us the trick as if it was very simple. But for us, it was a difficult job! The teacher also told us writing web pages is just like cooking. In order to cook a delicious dish, we had to prepare good ingredients. With good cooking skills, the dish would be very delicious.
We began the task with the plan of just trying, At this time the teacher introduced webpage software Namo to us. This software was really great and simple. But we could write great web pages with it. Of course, we had to spend sometime editing the graphics.


Journal 18

Date: January 1, 2006

Traditional Truku Pig Slaughtering Ritual
Today, we had to learn something about the Traditional Truku Pig Slaughtering Ritual. So we went to visit the workshop of our teacher’s uncle. Uncle Lu told us, they would only slaughter pigs at festivals and ceremonies. As there were different reasons, they killed pigs with different goals. In order to celebrate the gathering of the brothers and sisters, he slaughtered a black pig and shared it with all of us.
We saw the uncles bring out the black pig from the pen. Then, they put it on the table. Quickly, Uncle Lu pierced into its heart and neck with a sharp knife accurately. We saw the pig keep bleeding. As the blood filled up the pot, the pig stopped moving in a short while. Next, we had to undergo a complicated process. We had to pluck all of the pig’s hair. After that, we cut loose the pig’s internal organs and parts. Before we cut it into pieces, Uncle Lu cut a little bit of pork from each part of the pig. He took these to the backyard while chanting something to pray to the ancestors and the ancestors’ spirits. We had to do this!
After cutting the pig into pieces, all of us began to enjoy the gourmet pork meal. Aunt Lu even prepared traditional gelatinous rice, pig’s blood congee, and bamboo tube rice to eat with the pork meal. It was very delicious!

Journal 19

Date: January 4, 2006

Appreciating Truku Music

We stayed behind in class in the afternoon to appreciate traditional Truku music and art. The teacher took out a pile of CDs and VCDs. We listened to the soft and charming Truku folk songs. The tune played by the special bamboo reed pipe, the bold music performed with xylophone, and conservative traditional dances. In fact, Truku music is as good as any other music!
Bamboo Reed Pipe (LoBag) is made with a bamboo (
Phyllostachys makinoi Hayata) plate. Then, insert a metal reed (usually copper) into it. Or keep the bamboo connected to a small part of its body when cutting it. Leave the long and thin bamboo plate in the middle and trim it thin. Tie up its two sides with a thin string. Fix the string on the left by curling it with the left hand finger; with the right hand finger pull the string to tie it on the right in order to make it vibrate. When the player puts the pipe on his lips and uses his mouth as a sound box, he can play music with it. The player can change the pitch and tone of the music by controlling the size of the oral cavity. Performed by a skillful player, this traditional musical instrument can give out light and merry tunes.
In Truku language, “xylophone” is called “dakuzi.” It is difficult to make traditional xylophone. It can only give out four sounds: Le, Mi, So, and La. The length, humidity, and diameter of the log affects the xylophone’s sound quality. With a good log, it is able to build a good xylophone with clear and melodic sound. Both men and women can play it.
Traditional Truku dance is rather traditional. The dancers are mainly women. Most of them can hum the tunes freely. Also, they can join the dance anytime when they are in the mood. The men’s dance steps are really simple. It is mainly stepping to the left, right, front, and back.


Journal 20

Date: January 8, 2006

Interviewing Granny I-Wan
Tonight, we went to Ganny I-Wan’s home and chatted with her. She was more than 70 years old but she was still very healthy. She prepared a few early traditional Truku folk songs for us. Although it was beautiful, we could not understand the lyrics because the language was too difficult. After the teacher explained the lyrics for us, we began to know the songs mainly depicted our tribe’s fun of living in the woods.
Earlier, Granny lived in the cluster near what is Tianshiang now. In the Truku National Park, many Truku clusters are scattered around. After the Mona Rudao incident, our people were the troublemakers in the eyes of the Japanese. At first, in order to split the clusters’ power, they forced our people to migrate to flat land. Also, they moved the aborigines in other tribes to many different places. For example, the Hong Ye now is formed by part of the members from the clusters near Tianshiang. With Granny I-Wan’s explanation, at last we know why and how we came here!


Journal 21

Date: January 21, 2006

Interviewing Granny Li

Today, our major task was to interview Granny Li and ask her the origins of the face tattoo, coming out of the head hunting, and weaving.
My Granny said our tribe was living around the mountainous areas in Tianshiang, Leshao, and even remoter regions. In the past, our life was simple. Our people would go down the mountain and “barter” with the Han people. For example, we would exchange beast skins with salt, sugar, and cigarettes. However, when the Japanese occupied Taiwan, bartering was forbidden. They even forced us to live on the flatland.
In the early times, Truku women should learn to weave when they were 11 or 12. If they did not know how to weave, no men would marry them. They had to do everything with their own hands, from threading yarn from the ramie, processing, to weaving. It was a tough job. Since childhood, men should go hunting with their elder brothers until they underwent the adulthood rite. Then, they could have the glory of face tattooing.
The Truku tribe was courageous and skillful in fighting. There were many reasons for “coming out of grass.” For example, when they were bullied, wanted to show their ferocity, or even got into a fight because of some quarrel, etc. Granny told us, in the past, two brothers wanted to show their courage, they made a plan with the villagers to “come out of the grass” and hunt the heads of the Tayal people across the Central Mountain. They saw a man and a woman reaping millet, they rushed forward and chopped off their heads. Carrying the heads on their shoulders, they went home, humming ancient tunes. When they came to the mountain near their home, the wives heard their husbands’ voices; they prepared clean and rich clothes to welcome them back. They put the heads on the racks and prepared meal and rice for them. In addition, they even sang to the heads. Sometimes, the heads would show unhappy expressions on their faces.
When we heard that, we felt very terrible. I felt it to be very brutal. Fortunately, we are not so barbarous now.

Journal 22

Date: February 11, 2006

950205 Finished setting up the website and weaving the webpages
We had completed setting up the website and categorized the framework too. Then, we began to sort out the information one by one according to the categories each team was responsible for. I was responsible for traditional taboos. After arranging the data, we had to key in the missing information. We felt tired. But we felt very happy when we finished the task!

The teachers helped us with part of the website because we did not know the skills of image processing and webpage weaving very well. The teachers taught us at one side and had us learn to finish it. But we needed to ask for help when we came to the more difficult parts.TOP