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Statistical Analysis

1.Cross-analysis of "object types"

  We conducted a field investigation in 12 historic sites in 13 places of the Administrative District in Qing Dynasty in Changhua, and the objects are divided into three categories:

A.Chinese traditional temple.
B.Chinese traditional ancient housing.。
C.Western-style shrines and Christian churches built in the Japanese Occupation Period.

  Next, we investigated the building components of eight kinds of common dragon and carried out further analysis based on the appearance rate.:


Table 1: Investigation Table about 12 Historic Sites in 13 Places (Temples in Changhua Nanyao Temple are classified into Chinese-style temples and Western-style temples)

(Source: Tables Prepared by Dragon Seekers)

Table 2: Bar Chart of Appearance Rate of 8 Dragon Components

(Source: Tables Prepared by Dragon Seekers)

Table 3: Ranking List of Appearance Rate of Object Types

(Source: Tables Prepared by Dragon Seekers)

  We sorted out the ranking of the appearance rate of 8 dragon components as follows:

Category Fish Dragon

Chi Tiger Dragon

Dragon Column Double Dragons Dragon Head Dragon and Tiger Wall Imperial Road Dragon Dragon Door Deities
Ranking 1 2 3 3 3 4 5 6
Appearance rate 84.62% 69.23% 46.15% 46.15% 46.15% 38.46% 23.08% 7.65%

2.Findings from organizing data

(1)The appearance rate of "fish dragon" is the highest in the ranking list, while that of "Dragon Door deities" is the lowest.

(2)"Fish dragon" (Chiwen or Ao Dragon) is the only element in the "multi-religion" buildings.

(3)In the civilian residential housing, the appearance rate of "Chi Tiger" is the highest. The reason is as follows: Since the beginning of the Song Dynasty, the royal family began to ban civilians from using "dragon ornamentation". The use of dragon had played a very important role in the ordinary people's lives, such as pray for blessing and rain. Therefore, banning the civilian use of dragon in every aspect of life was impossible, so the civilians had to use the substitutes of dragon. Therefore, the "horn and scale free" transformed dragon-Chi Tiger was created to replace the dragon to guard civilians. Additionally, the appearance rate of "fish dragon" (Chiwen or Ao Dragon) in the civilian residential housing is the second highest. "Chi Tiger" and "fish dragon" are called double swordsmen of the civilians.

(4)The double dragons guard, dragon head, and dragon column atop the rooftop and of the civilian dragon culture-fish dragon and Chi Tiger are the components of the highest appearance rate in Taiwan temples.

(5)The "dragon and tiger wall" does not appear in the Changhua Temple of Confucius because of special cultural background.

(6)"Imperial Road Dragon/Cloud Dragon" appear in the representative or large-scale temples, while their appearance rate in other temples is not high.

(7)The "dragon" door deities are reserved to imperial-level temples and relatively rare. Few temples use such deities due to special cultural background.

3.Research direction

The following research directions are determined by organizing the afore-said data:

(1)Multi-culture fusion dragon element -fish dragon.

(2)Representative of civilian dragon culture-Chi Tiger, fish dragon.

(3) Five-claw legend - on the taboo of emperors.

(4)Analysis of dragon and tiger wall engraving - study from the perspective of official temple

(5)Stories about dragon door deities - exploring the culture of dragon door deities

Trace of Dragons in Changhua - Meet the Dragon through Time  / Team:Dragon Seekers
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