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Materials Machinery


MaterialsCharacteristics
Cottona. moisture, perspiration

b. scalability, warm and good
Bamboo Yarn
a. charcoal after 1200 ℃ calcination and added anion natural ore was powdered

and joined Rayon or polyester polymer

b. excellent moisture absorption , antibacterial deodorizing

c. adsorption of toxic chemicals
Heat Preservation Yarn
a. hollow polyester fiber

b. heat preservation, good moisture absorption

c. flat weaving material
Corn Yarn
Green fiber from raw corn which can be completely biodegradable
Wicking Yarn
a. cross section of polyester fiber which achieves the effect of drainage

b. quickly absorb and evaporate moisture and sweat from the skin surface to keep the surface dry and comfortable
Silver Fiber Yarn

a. formed by the natural elements

b. excellent antibacterial deodorizing effect
Far Infrared Masterbatch
release heat after absorbing energy to keep the body warm
Far Infrared Powder
Adopt far infrared natural mineral powder into polyester
Anion Powder
a. use of pyroelectric effect

b. high emissivity of far infrared radiation and having a function of releasing a large number of anions and far infrared radiation
T3T- Fiber
a. cutting surface can be considered as three T linked together

b. absorb moisture, perspiration
ITRI- Antibacterial Yarn
Add an antibacterial agent in the yarn dyeing process, which made the fiber have antibacterial characteristics
ITRI- Anti-solar Radiation Fiber
a. ability to block ultraviolet rays can penetrate (UPF)> 50

b. isolation effect reflecting infrared (IR) reflectance > 50%
ITRI- Hollow Fiber
a. The fiber can keep the body warm and isolated from the outside cold air.

b. hollow pipes have thermal effects
ITRI Antibacterial Agent
a. suitable for cotton, nylon fiber

b. antibacterial effect (Ex: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, dermatophytes )
Nylon with Absorbent Softener
make the fabric excellent soft with a very low amount
Wicking Process Agent
a. for special finishing of polyester fabric

b. have a strong wicking performance

c. Heat and sweat can be quickly diverged from the pores of the fiber surface.

Weaving Machines


a. Hand-held hosiery machine(1920~1950)

One person operates a machine ten hours a day to produce 3~5 dozens of socks for adults, which forms labor-intensive industries.




Teachers and we can not help but operate the weaving machines to experience the feeling of making our own socks. It is really very fresh and interesting for us!!



















b. Semi-Automatic Knitting Machines(1950~1960)

It can weave simple patterns on the socks, and the cam part can increase the function of weaving patterns.








c. Non-Jacquard Knitting Machines(1950~1960)

d. Japanese Double-Needle Non-Jacquard Knitting Machines(1950~1960)

e. English Double Needle Jacquard Knitting Machines(1950~1960)

f. Japanese Daito Double-Needle Jacquard and Flat Jacquard Knitting Machines(1950~1960)

g. Hand-Link knitting Machines (Blind Stitching)(1930) and Automatic Linking Sewing Machines(Open Stitching)(1960)

h. Wooden Shaping boxes(1920~1950)

i. Labeling Machines(1970)

j. Common Sewing Machines for famly use

History And Evolution of Knitting Machines

Sources:


Early hand-held hosiery machines:  Most of them  are now dusty and out of order.


Semi-automatic socks machines made in Taiwan: Nowadays, only a small number of machines continue to serve.


The old semi-automatic knitting machines made in the 1950s to the 1960s were mostly useless.


Two 26-section jacquard hosiery machines manufactured by Daito Corporation in the 1950s and 1960s are divided into model 96,132,144,176,200, and 216  according to the number of needles in the drum.


DERA hosiery machines made in Czech are also the old machines full of history, which served for three or four decades.



Using computers to control jacquard hosiery machines, which increases daily production and saves many hours of labor.


Years

major knitting machine models

output

Improvement

Affect

1930-1940

manual operation

1 machine/operator, 3-5 dz/10 hr/day for adults' socks


An intensive labor industry was formed.


semi-automatic, non- jacquard

about the same as the manual machines',1 machine/one operator

operated by motor

less labor required only

1950-1960

semi-automatic jacquard

simple patterns are available on hosiery

with jacquard attachment on cams


1970

automatic, non- jacquard

6-8 pairs of adult socks/hr,10  machines/operator

automatic reversible cams, forming heels automatically

labor economic,manual machines were weeded out gradually


automatic 25-step jacquard

more complicated patterns available, 4-10 machines/operator

The control of jacquard was strengthened.

Export started in 1964. Since then, the business flourished. The products were mainly made by machines.

1980

automatic computerized

same as the automatic jacquard's, but 20 machines/operator

automatic cutting, stitching, with programs for pattern designing

Much less labor is needed while more computer skills are required.


Non-cylinder computerized (fully computerization)


The cams and lever are directly controlled by computer programs and server motors.

The machines consume slowly; therefore, they need less maintenance and repairs but rely more on electronic components.

Reference Source:

1. Soxlink Official Website

http://www.soxlink.com.tw/

2. 襪! 真是厲害!(Instructed and translated into English by Mr. Yang)

http://library.taiwanschoolnet.org/cyberfair2014/tcjh311/

3. Taiwan Hosiery Manufacturers’ Association

http://www.hosiery.org.tw/

4. Pao-ling Liu (2000) 《 THE CHANGES OF THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM OF HOSIERY KNITTING INDUSTRY AND THE SPACE CONSTRUCTION IN SHE-TOU 》


Team Profile


Name:Wei, Chia-Yi

Gender:Female

Class:10th grade Class 3

Sign:Scorpio


Name:Chou, Yi-Chun

Gender:Female
Class:10th grade Class 3
Sign:Sagittarius


Name:Cheng, Yu-Chieh

Gender:Female

Class:10th grade Class 3

Sign:Aries


Name:Hsiao, Hsin-Yu

Gender:Female
Class:10th grade Class 3
Sign:Libra


Name:Hsieh, Ju-Ying

Gender:Female
Class:10th grade Class 3
Sign:Capricorn

Supervising Teachers

Yang, Tsung-Chieh

Tsou, Mei-Ling

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