|Cotton||a. moisture, perspiration|
b. scalability, warm and good
|Bamboo Yarn||a. charcoal after 1200 ℃ calcination and added anion natural ore was powdered|
and joined Rayon or polyester polymer
b. excellent moisture absorption , antibacterial deodorizing
c. adsorption of toxic chemicals
|Heat Preservation Yarn||a. hollow polyester fiber|
b. heat preservation, good moisture absorption
c. flat weaving material
|Corn Yarn||Green fiber from raw corn which can be completely biodegradable|
|Wicking Yarn||a. cross section of polyester fiber which achieves the effect of drainage|
b. quickly absorb and evaporate moisture and sweat from the skin surface to keep the surface dry and comfortable
|Silver Fiber Yarn||a. formed by the natural elements|
b. excellent antibacterial deodorizing effect
|Far Infrared Masterbatch||release heat after absorbing energy to keep the body warm|
|Far Infrared Powder||Adopt far infrared natural mineral powder into polyester|
|Anion Powder||a. use of pyroelectric effect |
b. high emissivity of far infrared radiation and having a function of releasing a large number of anions and far infrared radiation
|T3T- Fiber||a. cutting surface can be considered as three T linked together |
b. absorb moisture, perspiration
|ITRI- Antibacterial Yarn||Add an antibacterial agent in the yarn dyeing process, which made the fiber have antibacterial characteristics|
|ITRI- Anti-solar Radiation Fiber||a. ability to block ultraviolet rays can penetrate (UPF)> 50 |
b. isolation effect reflecting infrared (IR) reflectance > 50%
|ITRI- Hollow Fiber||a. The fiber can keep the body warm and isolated from the outside cold air.|
b. hollow pipes have thermal effects
|ITRI Antibacterial Agent||a. suitable for cotton, nylon fiber|
b. antibacterial effect (Ex: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, dermatophytes )
|Nylon with Absorbent Softener||make the fabric excellent soft with a very low amount|
|Wicking Process Agent||a. for special finishing of polyester fabric|
b. have a strong wicking performance
c. Heat and sweat can be quickly diverged from the pores of the fiber surface.
a. Hand-held hosiery machine(1920~1950)
One person operates a machine ten hours a day to produce 3~5 dozens of socks for adults, which forms labor-intensive industries.
Teachers and we can not help but operate the weaving machines to experience the feeling of making our own socks. It is really very fresh and interesting for us!!
b. Semi-Automatic Knitting Machines(1950~1960)
It can weave simple patterns on the socks, and the cam part can increase the function of weaving patterns.
c. Non-Jacquard Knitting Machines(1950~1960)
d. Japanese Double-Needle Non-Jacquard Knitting Machines(1950~1960)
e. English Double Needle Jacquard Knitting Machines(1950~1960)
f. Japanese Daito Double-Needle Jacquard and Flat Jacquard Knitting Machines(1950~1960)
g. Hand-Link knitting Machines (Blind Stitching)(1930) and Automatic Linking Sewing Machines(Open Stitching)(1960)
h. Wooden Shaping boxes(1920~1950)
i. Labeling Machines(1970)
j. Common Sewing Machines for famly use
History And Evolution of Knitting Machines
Early hand-held hosiery machines: Most of them are now dusty and out of order.
Semi-automatic socks machines made in Taiwan: Nowadays, only a small number of machines continue to serve.
The old semi-automatic knitting machines made in the 1950s to the 1960s were mostly useless.
Two 26-section jacquard hosiery machines manufactured by Daito Corporation in the 1950s and 1960s are divided into model 96,132,144,176,200, and 216 according to the number of needles in the drum.
DERA hosiery machines made in Czech are also the old machines full of history, which served for three or four decades.
Using computers to control jacquard hosiery machines, which increases daily production and saves many hours of labor.
major knitting machine models
1 machine/operator, 3-5 dz/10 hr/day for adults' socks
An intensive labor industry was formed.
semi-automatic, non- jacquard
about the same as the manual machines',1 machine/one operator
operated by motor
less labor required only
simple patterns are available on hosiery
with jacquard attachment on cams
automatic, non- jacquard
6-8 pairs of adult socks/hr,10 machines/operator
automatic reversible cams, forming heels automatically
labor economic,manual machines were weeded out gradually
automatic 25-step jacquard
more complicated patterns available, 4-10 machines/operator
The control of jacquard was strengthened.
Export started in 1964. Since then, the business flourished. The products were mainly made by machines.
same as the automatic jacquard's, but 20 machines/operator
automatic cutting, stitching, with programs for pattern designing
Much less labor is needed while more computer skills are required.
Non-cylinder computerized (fully computerization)
The cams and lever are directly controlled by computer programs and server motors.
The machines consume slowly; therefore, they need less maintenance and repairs but rely more on electronic components.
1. Soxlink Official Website
2. 襪! 真是厲害!(Instructed and translated into English by Mr. Yang)
3. Taiwan Hosiery Manufacturers’ Association
4. Pao-ling Liu (2000) 《 THE CHANGES OF THE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM OF HOSIERY KNITTING INDUSTRY AND THE SPACE CONSTRUCTION IN SHE-TOU 》