Drum beauty

Structure and principles

Percussion instrument has a long history and is widely used in Chinese nation. "Drum" is a membranophone of percussion instrument. It belongs to the instrument group which makes sounds by hit or friction. It can not only make rhythm, but produce melody and chorus. In particular, big drum, which refers to larger double drum can strengthen the rhythm and create rich sound changes in drumming performances. When big drums are combined, they can play music independently, and highlight features of different drums. The following is a description of the structure of the Chinese drum.

Structure of drum:

   

Photo credit: http://www.fjucomm.com/fjujcsstory/2015/06/19/响仁和鐘鼓廠/ 

 

Introduction of structure of "drum"

  1. Drum surface: Cooled cattle hides are covered on both sides of the drum. Thickness and texture of drum surface decide the timbre.
  2. Drum body: The shape is cylinder, which is made of wood (such as walnut or maple) or metal.
  3. Drum ring: It is usually made of aluminum alloy.
  4. Drumstick: It is short and thick. One side is enclosed by leather lace, cloth or stuffed blank, which appears round.

 

Reference:

  1. http://sh1.obuy.tw/guitar/item_cata.asp?cata_id=59668
  2. http://baike.baidu.com
  3. http://www.drumnet.tw/cor24.htm
  4. http://news.renminbao.com/021/610.htm
  5. https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/大鼓
  6. https://tw.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20050517000011KK07232

  

Introduction to drumstick:

Drumstick is an important tool for playing the drum. The most suitable drumstick can make the rhythm more proficient, and the music more amazing. Therefore, how to choose is of great importance. The various functions of drumstick can be explored from type, structure and stick head. In the following, types of stick head will be introduced:

Introduction to drumstick Photo

Big drumstick

北方皮鼓Soft drumstick

It is used for Huapengu and timpani Huapengu. The body is made of bamboo, with rounded wood or cork sticking on the stricken point at the percussion sticks. Outside of the stick is sutured with round velvet, and the thread end is underneath the head.

 

Photo credit: https://www.taobao.com/article/EYCSCpFyAnCuGBC2.html

Hard drumstick

It is usually made of mahogany, ebony and birch, which are heavy. Diameter of the percussion side on drum stick is small, and that of the hand-side is larger.

Photo credit: https://tw.bid.yahoo.com

 

The drumsticks of Tang drum and row drums

The front and rear ends of Tanggu drumsticks are of the same diameter. The end with bamboo joint is the front end. It has the sounds of "tong tong tong" in the play. The mahogany drum sticks are often used in the play of Tanggu, Paigu and Big drum. The mahogany drum sticks used in Taiwan are often 25.5 cm long, and the distance to each of the two ends is 1 cm. The diameters of the stick bodies are 0.8 cm and 1.2 cm. The mahogany is a kind of hard material, which is suitable for drum production.

Photo credit: http://www.pcstore.com.tw/dora-shop/M17279704.htm

Drumstick of plate drum

Plate drum usually uses bamboo drum stick. The gap with the bamboo heart is the small the better. Arrow bamboo is the best material for making drum sticks.

Photo credit: https://www.momomall.com.tw/mmlsearch/鼓棒.html



Made by U-Theatre Beat a drum with long sticks

It is the first time for U-Theatre to play drum with long sticks. The long sticks are used as blades, swords, sticks and bars. It is expected to achieve the effect “when stick rises, drum sounds, stick descends, and people wake up” to trigger the initial heart of questioning life. At the same time, sticks and martial arts are combined in the performance of drum.

 

Photo credit: http://www.backpackers.com.tw/forum/gallery/index.php?n=40341

The saying "To do good work, must first sharpen his tools" is a truth what we all know. After clearing up the materials of drum stick types, different drum sticks used by different people or in different music genres are different. Although sounds made by different drumsticks may sound alike, but drum players can feel the difference in the performance. Therefore, they must choose the most proper drum stick according to their needs and performance places.

Reference:

  1. http://art.tnnua.edu.tw/ethnomu/talk_s01_7.htm
  2. http://catalog.digitalarchives.tw/item/00/5e/30/36.html
  3. http://catalog.digitalarchives.tw/item/00/5e/30/3a.html