advantage

Why is Pingtung Gueilai suitable for burdock planting?

 

 

  • 1. The earth
  • 2. The Underground Water
  • 3. The Climate
  • 4. Introduction Video

1. The earth of Pingtung Gueilai is applicable for growing Burdock.

When harvesting in red soil Burdock field, you need to use your strength wisely then you can pull out two meters long Burdock easily. Mr. Hsu, Fu-Shan showed us how to dig out two meters long Burdock by hands. Demo@Youtube

Through the red soil, Burdock's rootstalk can grow to one meter long.

Burdock root will grow one meter deep underneath, therefore, the soil is very important.

2. Do you know Pingtung alluvial plain was deposited by which rivers? (Looking through the Google Earth!)

(Please move your mouse to the picture to see the answer! The resource of the picture: Google Earth)

3. The red soil of Pingtung Gueilai area.

(1) The soil of Gueilai is deep and cannot find any stone.

The elders of Gueilai would say " The soil of Gueilai area was called red soil. It's very deep and no stone could be found." The soil has been called red soil is because it is full of iron-manganese concretions which have the color of red and brown.
Mr. Chen, Chien-Hsing said " In Taiwan, many alluvial plains have stones in its soil. Unlike Pingtung Gueilai area, it takes the longer time to dispute, and the alluvial soil is thick and soft. Therefore, the soil of Pingtung Gueilai almost cannot find any stone in it."
Because having stones in the soil, both Linluo and Changzhi townships are not suitable for growing Burdock. Pingtung Gueilai's soil is thick and without stones, and with adequately loose soil, Burdock root can grow straight and long, and even longer than one hundred and twenty centimeters!

(Picture from National Geographic Information System, NGIS)

According to the “Map of China in the Qian-long Reign,” we could also know that since Qing dynasty there was a river passing by Gueilai village. After years of deposited, it had made the special soil of Gueilai area which was deep and no stone.

(2) The soil of Gueilai is good moisture and well-drained, therefore, the rootstalk of Burdock could grow to one meter long.

Mr. Chen, Chien-Hsing said “ Both moisture and drained of soil are very important to Burdock. If the soil is too soft then the root will be too thick and the skin will break causing the flesh of Burdock being too hard and lack of fragrance. Because the root of Burdock grows downward, therefore, the soil must be soft. Meanwhile, if the soil is too hard, then the root will be deformation and bend.”  
The soil of Pingtung Gueilai is very special that can make Burdock big and long. The slate alluvial soil of here contains both drain and moisture and is full of minerals which can provide the best environment for the crops of Gueilai area.

(3) In the past, cultivating Burdock in red soil was good for Burdock to grow and harvest.

Mr. Hsu, Fu-Shan said ” In the past, people prepared the soil and harvested Burdock by manpower, therefore, Burdock had to be cultivated in the soft land. Nowadays, we do it by machine, so we can grow Burdock in the land with more clay. Take my own Burdock field for example, the properties of the soil of two sides are different. So the quality of two sides of Burdock is also different.”
One side of the field is red soil which has much sand, therefore, the Burdock grown from here is darker; on the other side of the field has more clay, the color of Burdock grown from here is lighter just like the color of our skin, and is thicker than the other side. The clay in the soil helps Burdock keeps its moisture and nutrient, and is good for Burdock to grow, therefore, the quality of Burdock is good. (Digging and showing by Mr. Hsu, Fu-Shan……..Demo@Youtube)


(Move the mouse to the picture to see the next photo which shows the lump and wet soil of the other side of the field.)
(Photoed by our teammates; The data is from  Mr. Hsu, Fu-Shan's Burdock Lesson in 2016/11/5)

(4) Through the development of agricultural machinery, Burdock can be cultivated in soil with more clay making the quality of it better.

Mr. Chen, Chien-Hsing said “The agglomerate granule of the soil is bigger, meaning there is a lot of moisture in it. The more moisture the soil has, the high density the soil has, too. On the other hand, the soil with high density also means there is little air in it. And this will reduce Burdock from oxidizing and lignifying. Nowadays, Burdock that grows in soil with more clay has better quality.

Before cultivating Burdock, we have to loosen the soil to a depth of one meter so the Burdock will have less obstacle to grow underneath, and can grow long and straight. In the past, there was no cultivator to loosen the soil, therefore Burdock would stop growing when encountered hard soil layer. Now, with the help of cultivator, we can grow Burdock by loosening and changing the quality of the soil.”

(5) After using agricultural machinery, other places started to cultivate Burdock.

Mr. Chen, Chien-Hsing said “ Before the 1970s to the 1980s, it was not common to use agricultural machinery here in Taiwan. Almost all soil that had a lot of clay or was too hard could not grow Burdock. If it could, the Burdock will grows like Korean ginseng which was short, thick and bifurcate. Therefore, the only area which was gifted in the environment like Pingtung Gueilai could grow Burdock.”

In the past, Pingtung Gueilai's farmers had no agricultural machinery to use, too. At that time, farmers just had to sow it and then it would grow to at least one meter long. And that was the advantage of the environment which other places did not have.

Nowadays, farmers used agricultural machinery a lot. By agricultural machinery, farmers can easily destroy the structure of soil, making it looser to suit for growing Burdock. Currently, although many places grow Burdock in Taiwan, therefore Pingtung Gueilai still has the best Burdock of all!


(Move the mouse to the picture to see the agglomerate wet soil.)

(Resources: From the Burdock Lesson of Mr. Chen, Chien-Hsing in 2016/11/19 and interview in 2016/12/28; Photoed by our teammates and some are offered by Pintung Delisen; the film was made by our teammates and with the support of Mr. Hsu, Fu-Shan in 2017/2/14.)

1. Pingtung Gueilai has plenty of underground water.

Thirty to one hundred and twenty meters underneath Pingtung Plain is the main aquifer. In the past, farmers just had to dig and installed a water pipe and then they could irrigate their farmland with the underground water.

Mr. Chao said " The pouring out underground water will remain to March or April. And when the rainy season comes, the water yield will become huge. Nowadays, most of the Gueilai areas used the motor to pump for underground water."

(Photo resource and introduction: the underground water of Gueilai, photoed by our teammates. Move the mouse to the picture to turn on the switch of underground water!)

Do you know why there is plenty of underground water in Pingtung Gueilai area? Why water of Pingtung comes from the mountain? Why does the water of Pingtung have to do with the mountain?

2. The reason why Pingtung Gueilai area has plenty of underground water.

(1) In Pingtung area, the rainfall averages 2,500 millimeters a year.

In general, the rain falls on the ground, and 77 percents of water will go underground before flows into the river. The reason why Pingtung Gueilai area has plenty of underground water has something to do with the 2,500 millimeters rainfall averages a year. Therefore, we googled the Pingtung area's annual rainfall average between 2007 to 2015 from Central Weather Bureau's website.

Pingtung area's annual rainfall average between 2007 to 2015

 Mon

Year

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Total

2015

3.5

13

0

9.5

295.5

36.5

413.5

819

132.5

39

5

45.5

1812.5

2014

22.5

45

21.5

125.5

275

422.5

920.5

215

6.5

0

14

0

2068

2013

0

0

7.5

105.5

258.5

117.5

188

25

*

*

*

*

*

2012

0.5

42.5

10

178

313

1427.5

168

763.5

160.5

4.5

43.5

33

3144.5

2011

14

1.5

7.5

40.5

239

209.5

561.5

498.5

101

49

165.5

41.5

1929

2010

6

16

2.5

41.5

311

451

477.5

205.5

1178.5

130.5

12.5

16

2848.5

2009

0

0

32

53

24

387.5

310

1271.5

231

32.5

0.5

3.5

2345.5

2008

15

17.5

12

3.5

158

963

1048

218.5

459.5

160

44

0.5

3099.5

2007

9

4

27.5

29.5

285

335

177.5

1250

366.5

209.5

58.5

0

2752

M/Y

Average

8

16

13

65

240

483

474

585

330

78

43

18

2500

The unit: millimeters

(2) The source of Pingtung's underground water is from Dawu mountain.

(A) Evidence 1: The annual rainfall average of Dawu Mountain is high.

 According to the rain gauging stations of Taiwu and New Majia around Dawu Mountain, the annual rainfall averages of Dawu Mountain is more than 4,200 millimeters. (Taiwu Station is 950 meters and New Majia Station is 750 meters above sea level; The unit: millimeters)

The rain gauging stations of Taiwu and New Majia around Dawu Mountain

Station

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Period

Taiwu

28.9

33.8

60.2

125.1

469.7

858.6

1012.3

1198.8

842.2

290.3

50.9

27.2

4220.7

1955 -2009

New Majia  

22.1

36.1

50.5

103.3

454.0

795.2

920.6

1035.6

626.4

161.1

34.4

24.5

4201.2

1975 -2009

Taiwu Station is 950 meters and New Majia Station is 750 meters above sea level; The unit: millimeters   

 

 

 

 

 

  (Reference: The Report of the Investigation of the Natural and Humanities Environmental Resources of Dawu Mountain Area - Construction and Planning Agency Ministry of the Interior)

Do you know where are Tawu and New Majit of Dawu Mountain?
(Move the mouse to the picture to see the answer.)     

   
(The location of Tawu and New Majia of Dawu Mountain from Google Earth.)

 (B) Evidence 2: In summer, the mountain area rains heavily because the southwest monsoon and the typhoon of summer and autumn be blocked by the Dawu Mountain.

Through the topographic profile of Google Earth, we could find out the topographic reason why Dawu Mountain has massive rainfall. The rain from the Dawu Mountain flows into the river then into Pingtung Plain. And those that permeate into underground become underground runoff and flow to the natural underground reservoir of Pingtung Plain. That is why Pingtung Plain has plenty of underground water.


(The illustration of the cause of rainfall by Dawu Mountain; Picture by Google Earth)

(3) The underground water of Dawu Mountain is clean, pure and non-contaminated. And it can always supply water.

Pingtung area has massive rainfall. The source of underground water involved rainfall from Dawu Mountain. When it rains, the soil and forests of the Dawu Mountain begin to filter. And those water that has been filtered has full of minerals.

Mr. Chen, Chien-Hsing said “ Compared with other places that grow Burdock, other use water from the drainage ditch on the ground. And their quality of water is worse than Pingtung area’s pure underground water because water that flow through ground will have the hesitation of been contaminated. On the other hand, Pingtung area’s Burdock field use automatic water system which can water evenly, therefore its Burdock is crispy and tasty.”

(Pingtung Gueilai area using the water pump to pump underground water out. Moving mouse to see water pump of Gueilai area’s field. Photo by our teammates.)
(More…)

According to the chart, the underground water of Gueilai area is pressure water well (pressure underground water), and that is why underground water will pour out by itself. Currently, most of the  water wells are common wells (free underground water), which people have to pump water out by the water pump.

Mr. Chao said “ In the past, people had to use hollowed bamboo and dug to almost sixty-six meters to pump water out. Nowadays, people just have to dig to between forty and fifty meters and then they can use the water pump to pump water out.”


(Picture is from http://lovegeo.blogspot.tw/2016/01/l8.html)  

( Resource is from Burdock Lesson from Mr. Chen, Chien-Hsing in 2016/11/19. The illustration of rainfall of the cause of rainfall by Dawu Mountain is made by our teammates.)

The rainfall and temperature in winter (November to February) of Pingtung area are suitable for growing Burdock.

 

Statistics of monthly average rainfall and monthly mean temperature in Pingtung area (1981-2010)

 

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Temp(℃)

28.5

29.2

28.7

28.1

26.7

24

20.6

19.3

20.3

22.6

25.4

27.5

Rainfall (ml)

483

474

585

330

78

43

18

8

16

13

65

240

 (Resource from Central Weather Bureau. http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/climate/monthlyMean/Taiwan_tx.htm)

According to both charts, in winter, Pingtung area has low temperature and little rain.

(Resource from Central Weather Bureau; Chart number2 is made by our teammates.)

Burdock loves to grow in weather with low temperature and little rain, which Pingtung Gueilai has both advantages.

The average temperature is calculated and average from all day's temperature. During the "Frost Descent" (October 23rd or 24th) of the "24 Chinese Solar Terms," the temperature drops rapidly when it turns from day to night, causing a big difference in the temperature between day and night. The steam on the ground becomes dew because of the low temperature, and the surface of the leaf will form water drop. And if the temperature is lower, the water will turn into frost, and that is why it called "Frost Descent."

Mr. Chen, Chien-Hsing said " Generally speaking, it is time to cultivate Burdock right after Frost Descent. Because there is a big difference in the temperature between day and night, and the surface of the leaf will have dew, therefore, it is the best season to cultivate Burdock."

(Resource from Burdock Lesson of Mr. Chen, Chien-Hsing in 2016/11/19. The chart is made by our teammates.)

The introduction of Pingtung Gueilai Burdock Film.

Pingtung Gueilai Burdock - From Six Millimeters' Seed to Two Meters' Burdock.

Behind the scenes

1. Filming
During the project, we found out that there were two different worlds in Gueilai. One was farmers, and the other was ours. And what farmers thought about Gueilai was different to us.
As we passed through the Gueilai area, we could see the smoke burning by joss sticks of Tzu-Tien Temple. And through the bright Gueilai Train Station down the railway, we entered to a silent dense morning fog.
There we were surprised that farmers could see another side of Gueilai. Standing on the wide Pingtung Plain, we could see Dawu Mountain's magic show: As the sun started to rise, the darkness got away from the land of dense morning fog. When the sun rose up, the top of Dawu Mountain had been covered with clouds and mist. Away from the streets and roads of Gueilai where we were familiar and looked at the new scene of Gueilai, we were all surprised and wondered why we didn't know that Gueilai was that special.

2. Dubbing
It was hard and difficult to be a voice dubber because we had to say every word very clear, and also had to adjust our talking speed to match with film. Therefore, we had to work a lot to finished a good film. Today, we worked as a voice dubber and practiced many times before dubbing. Before formal recording, we had to test several times, because if speaking too slow or too fast then it couldn't match with the film. At the beginning, I often forgot the scripts. Therefore, I had to record it again and again and at last, I finally made it. After this experience, I learned how to be a voice dubber and realized that dubbing was a hard work, and I started to respect those voice dubbers.