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Interview the Personage
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Interview the Personage


Interview the Personage

  

 Led by teacher Su-chu Chou, teacher Hui-ling Su, big brothers and sisters, we come to high priest Wang-shi Song Hong 's (ljaelep pasasauv) house to learn more about the rites of Five-Year Fiesta.

 Because Wang-shi Song Hong (ljaelep pasasauv) is teacher Su-chu Chou's aunt, she demonstrated every detail of the ceremonial activities which can only be performed in formal ceremony such as the spell-chanting. She felt odd and funny while she was demonstrating. Following is the content of our interview.

 

Date:96/1/25

Location:High priest Wang-shi Song Hong 's home

Interviewee:High priest Wang-shi Song Hong (ljaelep pasasauv)

Participants:Goblin's Aspirational Team, teacher Su-chu Chou, teacher Hui-ling Su, National Pingtung University volunteer teachers, husband of the high priest Wang-shi Song Hong (ljaelep pasasauv).

Contents of interview:

Si-chih: What are the sacrificial utensils?

High priest: 1. fiesta tray (tilju), 2.fiesta cup (tjavang), 3.fiesta leaf, 4.fiesta knife(siqunu), 5.spiritual bead(zaqu), 6.divination gourd(ljuyi), 7.high priest box(kanupitj).

Chiao-yun: What are the Five-Year Fiesta implements?

High priest: 1. fiesta ball, 2. ball-stabbing pole, 3. protective talisman, 4. sacrificial offering.

Huang Jun: What is the fiesta tray for?

High priest: It is used for storing pig bones, skull (qulu), backbone, calag (including ribs), and right front shank bone (valjetac) (including toe bone). It symbolizes the whole pig as sacrifice when different parts of pig bone are put on the tray. After high priest arranges the leaves, pig bone has to be moistened by exhaling (emas) and then put on the leaves in order to show esteemed respects to the ancestral deity. The leaves will be put on top of people's head to pass on god's will and grant spiritual power.

Image:The fiesta tray containing different parts of pig bone
Image:The high priest is holding the pig bone to symbolize the whole pig
 

Hui-hsin: What is the fiesta cup for?

High priest: Single cup is wooden-carved and used for filling water or liquor in the ceremony. Water means to cleanse, purify, moist and return to orthodox path; liquor has a meaning of appreciation and sharing.

ZhanQi: What is the fiesta leaf for?

High priest: The most commonly used in Kuljaljauis mulberry leaves (ljisu). To begin the ceremony, the high priest arranges three leaves a pile (one leaf a pile is all right, if there is not enough leaf) and then cut both ends using fiesta knife to become fiesta leaf as a container. Fatty pork is put on the leaves to reinforce the divine power.

Mei-jun: What is the fiesta knife for?

High priest: Every high priest has personal knife in the ceremony after finishing the study with the master so as to be able to perform services of praying, warding off evil spirit, and curing the disease. The knife is used for cutting off fiesta leaves, paring pig bones, scraping iron pot, as meat cleaver, dipping water and liquor.

Image: The fiesta cup which is used for filling water or liquor in the ceremony
Image: We picked up by ourselves the fiesta leaves which were used in the demonstration
   

Yi-de: Where does the spiritual bead come from?

High priest: This question asked by many people before is not easy to answer. There are three ways of saying the origin: 1.Old high priest passes it on to the newly appointed high priest; 2.God grants the bead from heaven in the ceremony of assigning high priest, 3. Born with it. In my case, I was born with the bead.

Chi-hua: What is the divination gourd for?

High priest: Divine bead (zaqu) has to operate in the ceremony with the divination gourd (ljuyi) which is self-made by high priest or passed on by the master priest. Generally, it is selected from the gourds self-planted and then sun-dried before use. The high priest uses fiesta leaf to clip fatty pork and circle on the gourd (ljuyi) when practice divination; then press divine bead (zaqu) on gourd's (ljuyi) surface circling with thumbs and index fingers of both hands, chanting scriptures at the same time. If the bead sticks to the gourd, it means deity grants consent to the affairs prayed for.

GuanWen: How to make a high priest box?

High priest: Dig out the internal part of a lumber block to become a square wooden box without lid. Separately, make a wooden lid or wired-net (with a thin rope to tighten.) The box surface on the outside has various sculpture images such as colored drawing of human head, body, Hundred-pace Snake, deer, goat, wild boar and some with metal pieces nailed on. There used to have rattan-weaved priest box before. In order to save time and trouble these days, some use plain board as materials. The box is a container for ceremony utensils such as fiesta knife, leaf, pig bones, and divine bead.

Image:Round red box contains spiritual bead (zaqu.)
Image:The high priest box which contains fiesta knife, fiesta leaf, pig bone and other ceremonial utensils.
   

Image:Divination gourd was used in the ceremony.

Image:High priest Wang-shi Song Hong (ljaelep pasasauv)
   
Source: Paiwan Tribe - Picture Book of KuljaljauVillage  Image: Hui-hsin Gao, Yi-de Chou  Edited by: Huang Jun, Si-chih Tung, Guan-wen Hsu, Chiao-yun Chiang

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Planned by volunteer teachers at Kuljaljau Elementary School, Laiyi Township Pingtung County, Year 2007; Made by Goblin’s Aspirational Team.
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