Nan-Fang-Ao is situated within the Su-Ao borders in the
northeastern part of Taiwan. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean
in the East with a total population of over 9,000. 80% of the
population works in the fishery sector. Kuroshio Current passes
through the seawaters of eastern coast of Taiwan where a great
abundance of pelagic fishes are found. Among which, the Mackerel
is produced in all seasons of the year. The only large encircling
net (purse seine) for Mackerel was produced in 1973 in Nan-Fang-Ao,
which brought about years of prosperity.
Port is situated inside the Su-Ao Bay southeast of Su-Ao
Township. It used to be the most densely populated area in the
country apparently due to an abundance of fishes. The
prosperous sight of the port serves as an important base for
Taiwan coast, and deep-sea vessels. It is one of the three
major fishery areas in Taiwan. There are three fish markets
that vary in function and feature. Nan-Fang-Ao Port is
surrounded by mountains on three sides, and the west is in
close vicinity to Su-Ao Port. There are versatile types of
fish shoals particularly the Mackerel, thus, it is also known
as ˇ§Mackerel's Hometownˇ¨.
Nan-Fang-Ao was originally a fishing village occupied by the Ping-Pu
Tribe after being subject to suppression by the Han Chinese. During
the Japanese colonial period, Nan-Fang-Ao Fishing Port opened and
attracted fishermen from elsewhere to engage in fishing and settle
down there. A fish village for immigrants was formed as a result.
Residents of Nan-Fang-Ao came from all over. Customs and cultures were
also brought in by different ethnic groups that arrived in different
time periods. Special customary practices and cultures were
Nan-Fang-Ao Fishing Port is situated southeast of Su-Ao
Township. It is an important base for inshore and deep-sea
fishing. It is also considered one of the three major Fishing
Ports in Taiwan connected to the island across by a tombolo to
form a land-tied island. A natural pier is thus created. It is
surrounded by mountains on three sides, and the sea on one side
with unique sceneries.
The fishing port is situated south of Su-Ao International Port. It is
an important base for inshore sea and deep-sea vessels. It
accommodates over 1,000 fishing vessels and is one of the three major
fishing ports in the country.
during the Japanese colonial period, it is the
earliest fishing port of
Nan-Fang-Ao and is otherwise known as ˇ§Nan-Fang-Ao
Fishing Port. At the bottom tip of the fishing port, it faces
Nan-Tien Matzu Temple
worshipped by fishermen of Nan-Fang-Ao. The roads surrounding
First Fish Port are the heart
Nan-Fang-Ao. Along Yu Gang Road, and Hai-Hsien Road on the left
side of Nan-Tien
seafood restaurants, and local
delicacy stores are seen everywhere.
Tourists that wish to
taste ˇ§fresh seafoodˇ¨ or purchase various processed sea foods
gather there. First Fish Market is located at the end of Yu Gang
Road downstairs of Fishing Association. Large marlin and shark
catches are sold at auction by Fishing Association. Bidders are
mostly fish vendors or processing factory representatives. The
general public rarely gets the opportunity to purchase fish
there. However, for those who wish to see the bloody scene of
fish being cut up with a sharp knife, this place is quite a site
to see. It is definitely worthwhile.
Second Fishing Port
Constructed in 1955, it mainly functioned to alleviate the
problem of inadequate spaces at First Fishing Port that resulted
to overcrowding. First Fishing Port and Second Fishing Port are
similar to each other as they both carry out operations once a
day before everyone returns to his small
or medium sized fishing vessel to sell fish. Second Fishing Port
is also known as ˇ§Nei-Pi Fishing Port.ˇ¨
28,800 square meters, the smallest of the three fishing ports.
On Nei-Pi Road, Second Fish Market adjacent to Taiwan Bus Corp.
Station is the most bustling market of all. Small dragging net
vessels enter the port between 3:00pm-5:00pm. With fish vendors
and tourists from all over that wish to buy fresh seafood, the
market is a place for bargain. Here, The catch amounts to a
variety of freshly caught fishes. A variety of seasonal fishes,
shrimps, and crabs are also available. At times, tourists feel
dazzled and find it difficult to decide what to buy!
Constructed in 1965, it was originally planned as a small-scale
port. However, after Su-Ao Port was completed in 1983, it became
a port for large-size encircling net (purse seine) fishing
vessel anchorage. Large-size encircling net (purse seine)
vessels often take up to 1 month on the sea before returning.
Deep-sea voyages take even longer. Contrary to the two fishing
ports mentioned above, Third Fish Market of Third Fishing Port
seems rather desolated. This is because large-size encircling
net (purse seine) catches are relatively larger in quantity.
Frozen foods processing companies that make purchases are mostly
Architecture of Nan-Fang-Ao
During earlier periods before economic developments in Taiwan
took place, Nan-Fang-Ao greatly depended on the sea for a
living. It in turn attracted a large number of settlers. As
fishing techniques were undeveloped at the time, our ancestors
had to fight against nature. Religious beliefs such as Goddess
Matzu became a firm spiritual faith for these people.
Nan-Tien Temple of Nan-Fang-Ao was constructed facing the inner
port of Nan-Fang-Ao. The Matzu image enshrined inside the temple
guards fishing vessels day in and day out thorough out the year.
Nan-Tien Temple is without a doubt the heart of Nan-Fang-Ao.
Most local delicacy stores and vendor stores were built around
Nan-Tien Temple of Nan-Fang-Ao is best known for its Gold Matzu
Statue. It is made of 200-kg pure gold and is considered one of
the most important transformations toward modernization. The
three floors inside Nan-Tien Temple each contains a Matzu statue
made of different materials. On the first floor, there is a
wooden Matzu, on the second floor there is a jade Matzu, and on
the third floor, there is the famous Gold Matzu that attracts
believers from all over to worship her. Nan-Fang-Ao therefore
became so well-known that Tourists simply flocked in. Changes
therefore took place in this supposedly quiet and peaceful
fishing village life.
Nan-Fang-Ao Bridge was inaugurated in June, 1998. The bridge connects
Su-Ao Port and Nan-Fang-Ao. The single-arch suspension bridge has
special fish, shrimp and crab designs on the bridge column that
symbolize the ocean. There is also a landscape platform for tourists
to overlook vessels in and out of the fishing port. The ancient map of
Su-Ao also has a bronze casting model that keeps records of this
ancient fishing port.
The ingenious Nan-Fang-Ao Bridge architecture is the one and only
single-arch bridge in the country. It overlooks the entire Nan-Fang-Ao
area where tourism and fishery developments are promoted.
Nan-Fang-Ao is the largest fishing port by the eastern coast. It is not
within confines of traditional fishing industries. In recent years,
tourism has become a major direction for development. The resourceful
aquatic animals and fishing village features are focuses of tourism. In
1997, the first Mackerel Festival was held to promote special Nan-Fang-Ao
features, and customary practices. Nan-Fang-Ao Mackerel Festival
attracts approximately 100,000 tourists annually as Nan-Fang-Ao is the largest
fishing port in the eastern coast of Taiwan. It is thus reputed as
about 12tons of Mackerels every year. It is not only the largest yield of
fishery locally; it is also the number 1 Mackerel production place in
Taiwan. The Mackerel is frequently made into canned fish, and dried fish.
Sometimes, it is exported as fish bait. On Mackerel Festival, Mackerel is used
as an ingredient. Gourmet dishes such as fried, steamed or sashimi
Mackerel are all delicious. The public is invited to taste them on-site.
Nan-Fan-Ao also has quite a number of unique
fishing village customs. In the past, whenever a new boat took
her maiden voyage, the boat owner would sacrifice three animals
to the Gods and pray for peace and prosperity. He would also
throw buns, glutinous rice cakes, and candy out of the boat for
the masses to consume. It is believed that the more people there
were, the more fruitful it would be in the future. Some buns
even contained coins inside. Those who received buns with coins
inside would have years of good luck. This bustling activity
therefore became the spotlight of Mackerel Festival.
In addition, activities such as tumbling oil barrels,
hooking baits, and mending torn nets etc. are held. Together
with fishing port oriented historical culture, fish model, and
coral boutique item display, it is a day of fun and humanity.
Tourists often crowd here to light up this little township.